History of Air force
⇰ Joseph lynn made the first ballon ajcest in india from lal bagh gardens, Mumbai on 24th September 1877.
⇰ The ballon rose to a height of 7500 feet and came down at dadar.
⇰ After these development indan aviation experienced abrief gap before heavier than air manned flight began when the maharaja of Patiala bought two airplanes in 1910.
⇰ The first flight was carried out at Allahabad on 10 decembar 1910. Reconnas flisht took place on 16th January 1911 at Aurangabad where an aircraft was used to observe military maneuvers however it was not a was time mission. A distinctive event the first aerial post in aviation history was undertaken by Henri picquest in a deltarilland humber bi-plane on 18the February 1911 from Allahabad to Naini.
⇰ In December 1913, a military flying school was set up at sitapas in up with five airplanes. The first Indians to join the royal flying corps were hardit singh malik, Indra lal roy Esc sen, naroji and SGT welingkar. Most of these pilots credited themselves with distinction in world was in the 1920s aviation in India was mostly confined to the operations of the Royal Air force.
FORMATION OF THE INDIAN AIRFORCE;
⇰ The Indian air force Indian Air Force was formed by a gazetted notification on 08th October 1932. On o1st April 1933, No 1 Sqn was set up at drigh road Karachi with four wesstland wapiti aircraft and was designated as am “ARMY co-operation squadron”.
⇰ Subroto mukherjeea gallantry medal in these operations. During (wwll) the strength of the Indian air force was in creased from on to nine squadrons. For meritorious service the prefix “Royal” was awarded to the India air force, which was relinquished when India became a republic on 26th January 1950.
⇰ In its 75 years a existence, the Indian Air Force has been called upon to employ its assets in the defense of one months land, an number of times.
⇰ It has also offered an exciting career opting to our youth. Providing the excitement and thrill of combat flying as well as a noble profession in the service of the nation. Before they attempt to describe the manner in which this aero space power can be utilized in the modern times, it would be hugely denotative to extract some lessons fron our parties is portion in earlier conflicts.
1962 War with China In Air Force:- Indian and Chinese relations seemed to be on the upswing with Nehru’s diplomatic initiatives in the 1950s. The debacle in 1962 with China took India by surprise. This is the only war where we had to suffer many casualties and loss of territory. Significantly, this also happens to be the only war in which combat air power was not utilized. If combat air power were used, the outcome of the war could have been different. Even if the Indian Air Force’s combat capability was not tested in October-November 1962, its transport aircraft and nascent helicopters fleet performed magnificently. The combat support to transport men and material to forward locations played an important role.
1965 War In Air Force.:- In the 1965 War, the air force came into play on 01st of Sept when Pakistan launched a major land offensive with air support in the Jammu sector. India was caught unprepared as the Pakistani armour thrust threatened the town of AKHNOOR. The Indian Army called for air support.IAF Mystere aircraft were able to stop the armour well short of AKHNOOR, thus preventing the cutting off of J&K from the rest of India. Since then this strategic area has been nicknamed as the “Chicken’s neck”. This was also a war during which the Iindian Air Force’s light weight fighter ; the Gant earned its nickname ‘Sabre Slayer’. Because of its small size, the aircraft could close-in on the enemy before it could be visually acquired. Combat Support operations were significant during this war.
1971 Operations Air Force:-
In the 1971 operations, the Indian Air Force was able to achive air superiority in the Eastern Sector within a matter of days, thus permitted own Army to operate unhindered by the enemy air. In the closing stages of the war, When Pakistani troops were withdrawing to Dhaka from the north, abattalior sized Para drop was undertaken to seal this route. This prevented the fortification of Dacca and led to an early end of the battle. Success of Counter Air operation and Combat Support operations was proven during this war. Fg Offr Nirmal SinghSekhon was awarded Indian Air Force’s first param Vir Chakra for his gallantry on 1’st Dec 1971.